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Assessment and modeling of the influence of age, gender and family history of hearing problems on the probability of suffering hearing loss.

Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Year: 2020   Volume: 17
Initial page: 8041  
Status: Published
In this status since: 29 Oct 2020
Link to PDF: 10.3390/ijerph17218041
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17218041
Barrero J.P. López-Perea E.M., , Mariscal M.A., García-Herrero S.

Hearing loss affects hundreds of million people all over the world, leading to several types of disabilities, ranging from purely physical to psychological and/or social aspects. A proper analysis to ascertain the main risk factors is essential in order to diagnose early and treat adequately.

An exploratory analysis based on a heterogeneous sample of 1418 workers is presented in order to identify the main trigger factors for hearing loss. We have, on the one hand, recorded several medical and environmental parameters and, on the other, created a model based on Bayesian networks in order to be able to infer the probability of hearing loss considering different scenarios. This paper focuses on three parameters: gender, age and a family history of hearing problems.

The results obtained allow us to infer or predict the best or worst auditory level for an individual under several different scenarios. The least relevant factor is the existence of a family history of deafness, followed by the gender factor, which slopes considerably toward better hearing for females, and most prominent of all, the age factor, given the large differences identified between the various age groups when the gender and family history of deafness variables remain constant.