Version 2 (modified by trac, 12 years ago) (diff)

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# Trac Plugins

Since version 0.9, Trac supports plugins that extend the built-in functionality. The plugin functionality is based on the component architecture. Plugins can be installed globally (in this case they should be explicitly enabled in trac.ini) or locally for specific TracEnvironment.

## Requirements

To use egg based plugins in Trac, you need to have setuptools (version 0.6) installed.

To install setuptools, download the bootstrap module ez_setup.py and execute it as follows:

$python ez_setup.py  If the ez_setup.py script fails to install the setuptools release, you can download it from PyPI and install it manually. Plugins can also consist of a single .py file dropped into either the environment or global plugins directory (since 0.10). See TracIni#GlobalConfiguration . ## Installing a Trac Plugin ### For a Single Project Plugins are packaged as Python eggs. That means they are ZIP archives with the file extension .egg. If you have downloaded a source distribution of a plugin, and want to build the .egg file, follow this instruction: • Unpack the source. It should provide a setup.py. • Run: $ python setup.py bdist_egg


Then you will have a *.egg file. Examine the output of running python to find where this was created.

Once you have the plugin archive, you need to copy it into the plugins directory of the project environment. Also, make sure that the web server has sufficient permissions to read the plugin egg. Then, restart the web server (this requirement was not previously mentioned in this document, but in my tests it began working only after I did so).

To uninstall a plugin installed this way, remove the egg from plugins directory and restart web server.

Note that the Python version that the egg is built with must match the Python version with which Trac is run. If for instance you are running Trac under Python 2.3, but have upgraded your standalone Python to 2.4, the eggs won't be recognized.

Note also that in a multi-project setup, a pool of Python interpreter instances will be dynamically allocated to projects based on need, and since plugins occupy a place in Python's module system, the first version of any given plugin to be loaded will be used for all the projects. In other words, you cannot use different versions of a single plugin in two projects of a multi-project setup. It may be safer to install plugins for all projects (see below) and then enable them selectively on a project-by-project basis.

### For All Projects

#### With an .egg file

Some plugins (such as SpamFilter) are downloadable as a .egg file which can be installed with the easy_install program:

easy_install TracSpamFilter


If easy_install is not on your system see the Requirements section above to install it. Windows users will need to add the Scripts directory of their Python installation (for example, C:\Python23\Scripts) to their PATH environment variable (see easy_install Windows notes for more information).

If Trac reports permission errors after installing a zipped egg and you would rather not bother providing a egg cache directory writable by the web server, you can get around it by simply unzipping the egg. Just pass --always-unzip to easy_install:

easy_install --always-unzip TracSpamFilter-0.2.1dev_r5943-py2.4.egg


You should end up with a directory having the same name as the zipped egg (complete with .egg extension) and containing its uncompressed contents.

Trac also searches for globally installed plugins (since 0.10), see TracIni#GlobalConfiguration.

#### From source

easy_install makes installing from source a snap. Just give it the URL to either a Subversion repository or a tarball/zip of the source:

easy_install http://svn.edgewall.com/repos/trac/plugins/0.11/spam-filter


#### Enabling the plugin

Unlike plugins installed per-environment, you'll have to explicitly enable globally installed plugins via trac.ini. This also applies to plugins installed in the path specified in the [inherit] plugins_dir configuration option. This is done in the [components] section of the configuration file, for example:

[components]
tracspamfilter.* = enabled


The name of the option is the Python package of the plugin. This should be specified in the documentation of the plugin, but can also be easily discovered by looking at the source (look for a top-level directory that contains a file named __init__.py.)

Note: After installing the plugin, you need to restart your web server.

#### Uninstalling

easy_install or python setup.py does not have an uninstall feature. Hower, it is usually quite trivial to remove a globally installed egg and reference:

1. Do easy_install -m [plugin name] to remove references from $PYTHONLIB/site-packages/easy-install.pth when the plugin installed by setuptools. 2. Delete executables from /usr/bin, /usr/local/bin or C:\\Python*\Scripts. For search what executables are there, you may refer to [console-script] section of setup.py. 3. Delete the .egg file or folder from where it is installed, usually inside$PYTHONLIB/site-packages/.
4. Restart web server.

If you are uncertain about the location of the egg, here is a small tip to help locate an egg (or any package) - replace myplugin with whatever namespace the plugin uses (as used when enabling the plugin):

>>> import myplugin
>>> print myplugin.__file__
/opt/local/python24/lib/site-packages/myplugin-0.4.2-py2.4.egg/myplugin/__init__.pyc


## Setting up the Plugin Cache

Some plugins will need to be extracted by the Python eggs runtime (pkg_resources), so that their contents are actual files on the file system. The directory in which they are extracted defaults to '.python-eggs' in the home directory of the current user, which may or may not be a problem. You can however override the default location using the PYTHON_EGG_CACHE environment variable.

To do this from the Apache configuration, use the SetEnv directive as follows:

SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir


This works whether you are using the CGI or the mod_python front-end. Put this directive next to where you set the path to the Trac environment, i.e. in the same <Location> block.

For example (for CGI):

 <Location /trac>
SetEnv TRAC_ENV /path/to/projenv
SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
</Location>


or (for mod_python):

 <Location /trac>
SetHandler mod_python
...
SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
</Location>


Note: SetEnv requires the mod_env module which needs to be activated for Apache. In this case the SetEnv directive can also be used in the mod_python Location block.

For FastCGI, you'll need to -initial-env option, or whatever is provided by your web server for setting environment variables.

Note: that if you already use -initial-env to set the project directory for either a single project or parent you will need to add an additional -initial-env directive to the FastCgiConfig directive. I.e.

FastCgiConfig -initial-env TRAC_ENV=/var/lib/trac -initial-env PYTHON_EGG_CACHE=/var/lib/trac/plugin-cache


If you have set up some subversion hook scripts that call the Trac engine - such as the post-commit hook script provided in the /contrib directory - make sure you define the PYTHON_EGG_CACHE environment variable within these scripts as well.

## Troubleshooting

### Is setuptools properly installed?

Try this from the command line:

\$ python -c "import pkg_resources"


If you get no output, setuptools is installed. Otherwise, you'll need to install it before plugins will work in Trac.

### Did you get the correct version of the Python egg?

Python eggs have the Python version encoded in their filename. For example, MyPlugin-1.0-py2.4.egg is an egg for Python 2.4, and will not be loaded if you're running a different Python version (such as 2.3 or 2.5).

### Is the plugin enabled?

If you install a plugin globally (i.e. not inside the plugins directory of the Trac project environment) you will have to explicitly enable it in trac.ini. Make sure that:

• you actually added the necessary line(s) to the [components] section
• the package/module names are correct
• the value is “enabled", not e.g. “enable”

### Check the permissions on the egg file

Trac must be able to read the file.

### Check the log files

Enable logging and set the log level to DEBUG, then watch the log file for messages about loading plugins.

### Verify you have proper permissions

Some plugins require you have special permissions in order to use them. WebAdmin, for example, requires the user to have TRAC_ADMIN permissions for it to show up on the navigation bar.