WikiPrint - from Polar Technologies

Trac Macros

Trac macros are plugins to extend the Trac engine with custom 'functions' written in Python. A macro inserts dynamic HTML data in any context supporting WikiFormatting. Its syntax is [[macro-name(optional-arguments)]].

The WikiProcessors are another kind of macros. They typically deal with alternate markup formats and transformation of larger "blocks" of information (like source code highlighting). They are used for processing the multiline {{{#!wiki-processor-name ... }}} blocks.

Using Macros

Macro calls are enclosed in two square brackets. Like Python functions, macros can also have arguments, a comma separated list within parentheses.

Getting Detailed Help

The list of available macros and the full help can be obtained using the MacroList macro, as seen below.

A brief list can be obtained via [[MacroList(*)]] or [[?]].

Detailed help on a specific macro can be obtained by passing it as an argument to MacroList, e.g. [[MacroList(MacroList)]], or, more conveniently, by appending a question mark (?) to the macro's name, like in [[MacroList?]].

Example

A list of 3 most recently changed wiki pages starting with 'Trac':

Wiki Markup Display
[[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]

Apr 18, 2013

[[RecentChanges?(Trac,3)]]

[[RecentChanges]]

List all pages that have recently been modified, ordered by the time they were last modified.

This macro accepts two ordered arguments and a named argument. The named argument can be placed in any position within the argument list.

The first parameter is a prefix string: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are included in the list.

The second parameter is the maximum number of pages to include in the list.

The group parameter determines how the list is presented:

group=date
The pages are presented in bulleted lists that are grouped by date (default).
group=none
The pages are presented in a single bulleted list.

Tip: if you only want to specify a maximum number of entries and don't want to filter by prefix, specify an empty first parameter, e.g. [[RecentChanges(,10,group=none)]].

[[?]]

[[Image]]

Embed an image in wiki-formatted text. The first argument is the file ?

[[InterTrac]]

Provide a list of known InterTrac prefixes.

[[InterWiki]]

Provide a description list for the known InterWiki prefixes.

[[KnownMimeTypes]]

List all known mime-types which can be used as WikiProcessors. Can be ?

etc.

Available Macros

Note that the following list will only contain the macro documentation if you've not enabled -OO optimizations, or not set the PythonOptimize option for mod_python.

[[BibAdd]]

Sorry, no documentation found

[[BibCite]]

Sorry, no documentation found

[[BibNoCite]]

Sorry, no documentation found

[[BibRef]]

Sorry, no documentation found

[[BlogList]]

A macro to display list of posts and extracts outside (or inside) the Blog module - most commonly Wiki pages.

All arguments are optional:

[[BlogList]]

Available named arguments:

Example showing some available named arguments:

[[BlogList(recent=5, max_size=250, period=2007/12, author=osimons, format=float, heading=Some Trac Posts)]]

The arguments for criteria are 'AND'-based, so the above example will render at most 5 posts by 'osimons' in December 2007.

There is no heading unless specified.

Without restriction on recent number of posts, it will use the number currently active in the Blog module as default for 'float' and 'full' rendering, but for rendering of 'inline' list it will render all found as default unless restricted. Additionally for 'float' and 'full' it will truncate content if it is larger than a max_size (if set).

The format= keyword argument supports rendering these formats:

format=inlineRenders an unordered list in the normal text flow (default).
format=floatA floating box out on the side of the page with slightly more detail.
format=fullFull rendering like on period, category and author listings inside blog.

The arguments can appear in any order.

Posts are rendered sorted by newest first for all modes.

[[CommitTicketReference]]

Insert a changeset message into the output.

This macro must be called using wiki processor syntax as follows:

{{{
#!CommitTicketReference repository="reponame" revision="rev"
}}}

where the arguments are the following:

[[FootNote]]

Collates and generates foot-notes. Call the macro with the foot-note content as the only argument:

   [[FootNote(This is a footnote)]]

Foot-notes are numbered by the order in which they appear. To create a reference to an existing foot-note, pass the footnote number as argument to the macro:

   [[FootNote(1)]]

In addition, identical foot-notes are coalesced into one entry. The following will generate one footnote entry with two references:

   Some text[[FootNote(A footnote)]] and some more text [[FootNote(A footnote)]].

A list of footnotes generated by one or more of the above commands is produced by calling the macro without arguments:

   [[FootNote]]

Once a set of footnotes has been displayed, a complete new set of footnotes can be created. This allows multiple sets of footnotes per page.

[[Image]]

Embed an image in wiki-formatted text.

The first argument is the file specification. The file specification may reference attachments in three ways:

Also, the file specification may refer to repository files, using the source:file syntax (source:file@rev works also).

Files can also be accessed with a direct URLs; /file for a project-relative, //file for a server-relative, or http://server/file for absolute location of the file. The ?rfc2397 data URL scheme is also supported if the URL is enclosed in quotes.

The remaining arguments are optional and allow configuring the attributes and style of the rendered <img> element:

Examples:

[[Image(photo.jpg)]]               # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]        # with image width size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]        # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]       # without link to source
[[Image(photo.jpg, align=right)]]  # aligned by attribute

You can use an image from a wiki page, ticket or other module.

[[Image(OtherPage:foo.bmp)]]    # from a wiki page
[[Image(base/sub:bar.bmp)]]     # from hierarchical wiki page
[[Image(#3:baz.bmp)]]           # from another ticket
[[Image(ticket:36:boo.jpg)]]    # from another ticket (long form)
[[Image(source:/img/bee.jpg)]]  # from the repository
[[Image(htdocs:foo/bar.png)]]   # from project htdocs dir
[[Image(shared:foo/bar.png)]]   # from shared htdocs dir (since 1.0.2)

Adapted from the Image.py macro created by Shun-ichi Goto <gotoh@?>

[[InterTrac]]

Provide a list of known InterTrac prefixes.

[[InterWiki]]

Provide a description list for the known InterWiki prefixes.

[[KnownMimeTypes]]

List all known mime-types which can be used as WikiProcessors.

Can be given an optional argument which is interpreted as mime-type filter.

[[MacroList]]

Display a list of all installed Wiki macros, including documentation if available.

Optionally, the name of a specific macro can be provided as an argument. In that case, only the documentation for that macro will be rendered.

Note that this macro will not be able to display the documentation of macros if the PythonOptimize option is enabled for mod_python!

[[NewsFlash]]

Makes a colored box from the contents of the macro.

[[NewsFlashEnd]]

End a newflash box.

[[NewsFlashStart]]

Start a newflash box.

[[NoteBox]]

The NoteBox macro will render a small colored box with an icon and text.

To display a NoteBox on a page, you must call the NoteBox macro and pass the style and text as arguments. The text may contain wiki formatting, however it is not possible to embed other wiki macros within the macro. Also, commas must be escaped with a backslash.

A third optional argument allows the width of the NoteBox to be specified. The width can be specified in pixels as a percent of the page width. The default width is 70%.

The following styles are available: warn, tip and note.

Examples:

[[NoteBox(warn,If you don't run `update` before `commit`\, your checkin may fail.)]]
[[NoteBox(tip,The !NoteBox macro can bring '''attention''' to text within a page.,50%)]]
[[NoteBox(note,More styles may be added in a ''future'' release.,350px)]]

If you don't run update before commit, your checkin may fail.

The NoteBox macro can bring attention to text within a page.

More styles may be added in a future release.

[[PageOutline]]

Display a structural outline of the current wiki page, each item in the outline being a link to the corresponding heading.

This macro accepts four optional parameters:

[[RecentChanges]]

List all pages that have recently been modified, ordered by the time they were last modified.

This macro accepts two ordered arguments and a named argument. The named argument can be placed in any position within the argument list.

The first parameter is a prefix string: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are included in the list.

The second parameter is the maximum number of pages to include in the list.

The group parameter determines how the list is presented:

group=date
The pages are presented in bulleted lists that are grouped by date (default).
group=none
The pages are presented in a single bulleted list.

Tip: if you only want to specify a maximum number of entries and don't want to filter by prefix, specify an empty first parameter, e.g. [[RecentChanges(,10,group=none)]].

[[RecentTopics]]

Lists all topics that have been recently active grouping them by the day they were lastly active. This macro accepts two parameters. The first is a forum ID. If provided, only topics in that forum are included in the resulting list. If omitted, topics from all forums are listed. The second parameter is a number for limiting the number of topics returned. For example, specifying a limit of 5 will result in only the five most recently active topics to be included in the list.

[[RepositoryIndex]]

Display the list of available repositories.

Can be given the following named arguments:

format
Select the rendering format:
  • compact produces a comma-separated list of repository prefix names (default)
  • list produces a description list of repository prefix names
  • table produces a table view, similar to the one visible in the Browse View page
glob
Do a glob-style filtering on the repository names (defaults to '*')
order
Order repositories by the given column (one of "name", "date" or "author")
desc
When set to 1, order by descending order

(since 0.12)

[[TOC]]

Generate a table of contents for the current page or a set of pages. If no arguments are given, a table of contents is generated for the current page, with the top-level title stripped:

    [[TOC]] 

To generate a table of contents for a set of pages, simply pass them as comma separated arguments to the TOC macro, e.g. as in

[[TOC(TracGuide, TracInstall, TracUpgrade, TracIni, TracAdmin, TracBackup,
      TracLogging, TracPermissions, TracWiki, WikiFormatting, TracBrowser,
      TracRoadmap, TracChangeset, TracTickets, TracReports, TracQuery,
      TracTimeline, TracRss, TracNotification)]]

A wildcard '*' can be used to fetch a sorted list of all pages starting with the preceding pagename stub:

[[TOC(Trac*, WikiFormatting, WikiMacros)]]

The following control arguments change the default behaviour of the TOC macro:

Argument Meaning
heading=<x> Override the default heading of "Table of Contents"
noheading Suppress display of the heading.
depth=<n> Display headings of subsequent pages to a maximum depth of <n>.
inline Display TOC inline rather than as a side-bar.
sectionindex Only display the page name and title of each page in the wiki section.
titleindex Only display the page name and title of each page, similar to TitleIndex.
notitle Supress display of page title.

For 'titleindex' argument, an empty pagelist will evaluate to all pages:

[[TOC(titleindex, notitle, heading=All pages)]]

'sectionindex' allows to generate a title index for all pages in a given section of the wiki. A section is defined by wiki page name, using '/' as a section level delimiter (like directories in a file system). Giving '/' or '*' as the page name produces the same result as 'titleindex' (title of all pages). If a page name ends with a '/', only children of this page will be processed. Else the page given in the argument is also included, if it exists. For 'sectionindex' argument, an empty pagelist will evaluate to all page below the same parent as the current page:

[[TOC(sectionindex, notitle, heading=This section pages)]]

[[TicketQuery]]

Wiki macro listing tickets that match certain criteria.

This macro accepts a comma-separated list of keyed parameters, in the form "key=value".

If the key is the name of a field, the value must use the syntax of a filter specifier as defined in TracQuery#QueryLanguage. Note that this is not the same as the simplified URL syntax used for query: links starting with a ? character. Commas (,) can be included in field values by escaping them with a backslash (\).

Groups of field constraints to be OR-ed together can be separated by a literal or argument.

In addition to filters, several other named parameters can be used to control how the results are presented. All of them are optional.

The format parameter determines how the list of tickets is presented:

The max parameter can be used to limit the number of tickets shown (defaults to 0, i.e. no maximum).

The order parameter sets the field used for ordering tickets (defaults to id).

The desc parameter indicates whether the order of the tickets should be reversed (defaults to false).

The group parameter sets the field used for grouping tickets (defaults to not being set).

The groupdesc parameter indicates whether the natural display order of the groups should be reversed (defaults to false).

The verbose parameter can be set to a true value in order to get the description for the listed tickets. For table format only. deprecated in favor of the rows parameter

The rows parameter can be used to specify which field(s) should be viewed as a row, e.g. rows=description|summary

The col parameter can be used to specify which fields should be viewed as columns. For table format only.

For compatibility with Trac 0.10, if there's a last positional parameter given to the macro, it will be used to specify the format. Also, using "&" as a field separator still works (except for order) but is deprecated.

[[TitleIndex]]

Insert an alphabetic list of all wiki pages into the output.

Accepts a prefix string as parameter: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are listed. If the prefix is specified, a second argument of value hideprefix can be given as well, in order to remove that prefix from the output.

Alternate format and depth named parameters can be specified:

The include and exclude lists accept shell-style patterns.

[[TracAdminHelp]]

Display help for trac-admin commands.

Examples:

[[TracAdminHelp]]               # all commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki)]]         # all wiki commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki export)]]  # the "wiki export" command
[[TracAdminHelp(upgrade)]]      # the upgrade command

[[TracGuideToc]]

Display a table of content for the Trac guide.

This macro shows a quick and dirty way to make a table-of-contents for the Help/Guide. The table of contents will contain the Trac* and WikiFormatting pages, and can't be customized. See the ?TocMacro for a more customizable table of contents.

[[TracIni]]

Produce documentation for the Trac configuration file.

Typically, this will be used in the TracIni page. Optional arguments are a configuration section filter, and a configuration option name filter: only the configuration options whose section and name start with the filters are output.

[[ViewTopic]]

Displays content of a discussion topic. If no argument passed tries to find the topic with the same name as is the name of the current wiki page. If the topic name is passed, displays that topic.

[[WantedPages]]

Aliases: [[wantedPages]]

Lists all wiki pages that are linked but not created in wiki pages and tickets. Use [[WantedPages(show_referrers)]] to show referring pages.

[[Workflow]]

Render a workflow graph.

This macro accepts a TracWorkflow configuration and renders the states and transitions as a directed graph. If no parameters are given, the current ticket workflow is rendered. In WikiProcessors mode the width and height arguments can be specified.

(Defaults: width = 800 and heigth = 600)

Examples:

    [[Workflow()]]

    [[Workflow(go = here -> there; return = there -> here)]]

    {{{
    #!Workflow width=700 height=700
    leave = * -> *
    leave.operations = leave_status
    leave.default = 1

    accept = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> accepted
    accept.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    accept.operations = set_owner_to_self

    resolve = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> closed
    resolve.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    resolve.operations = set_resolution

    reassign = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> assigned
    reassign.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    reassign.operations = set_owner

    reopen = closed -> reopened
    reopen.permissions = TICKET_CREATE
    reopen.operations = del_resolution
    }}}

[[graphviz]]

Graphviz (?http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/GraphvizPlugin) provides a plugin for Trac to render graphviz (?http://www.graphviz.org/) drawings within a Trac wiki page.

[[graphviz.dot/png]]

Aliases: [[graphviz.dot/jpg]] [[graphviz.dot/gif]] [[graphviz.dot/svg]] [[graphviz.dot/svgz]] [[graphviz.dot]] [[graphviz.neato/png]] [[graphviz.neato/jpg]] [[graphviz.neato/gif]] [[graphviz.neato/svg]] [[graphviz.neato/svgz]] [[graphviz.neato]] [[graphviz.twopi/png]] [[graphviz.twopi/jpg]] [[graphviz.twopi/gif]] [[graphviz.twopi/svg]] [[graphviz.twopi/svgz]] [[graphviz.twopi]] [[graphviz.circo/png]] [[graphviz.circo/jpg]] [[graphviz.circo/gif]] [[graphviz.circo/svg]] [[graphviz.circo/svgz]] [[graphviz.circo]] [[graphviz.fdp/png]] [[graphviz.fdp/jpg]] [[graphviz.fdp/gif]] [[graphviz.fdp/svg]] [[graphviz.fdp/svgz]] [[graphviz.fdp]] [[graphviz/png]] [[graphviz/jpg]] [[graphviz/gif]] [[graphviz/svg]] [[graphviz/svgz]]

Sorry, no documentation found

[[latex]]

Aliases: [[Latex]] [[LaTeX]]

Renders a LaTeX using MathJax?.

Usage:

{{{
#!latex
\left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k b_k \right)^{\!\!2} \leq
\left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k^2 \right) \left( \sum_{k=1}^n b_k^2 \right)
}}}

results in output like:

\[ \left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k b_k \right)^{\!\!2} \leq \left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k^2 \right) \left( \sum_{k=1}^n b_k^2 \right) \]

Macros from around the world

The ?Trac Hacks site provides a wide collection of macros and other Trac plugins contributed by the Trac community. If you're looking for new macros, or have written one that you'd like to share with the world, please don't hesitate to visit that site.

Developing Custom Macros

Macros, like Trac itself, are written in the ?Python programming language and are developed as part of TracPlugins.

For more information about developing macros, see the ?development resources on the main project site.

Here are 2 simple examples showing how to create a Macro with Trac 0.11.

Also, have a look at ?Timestamp.py for an example that shows the difference between old style and new style macros and at the ?macros/README which provides a little more insight about the transition.

Macro without arguments

To test the following code, you should saved it in a timestamp_sample.py file located in the TracEnvironment's plugins/ directory.

from datetime import datetime
# Note: since Trac 0.11, datetime objects are used internally

from genshi.builder import tag

from trac.util.datefmt import format_datetime, utc
from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase

class TimeStampMacro(WikiMacroBase):
    """Inserts the current time (in seconds) into the wiki page."""

    revision = "$Rev$"
    url = "$URL$"

    def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text):
        t = datetime.now(utc)
        return tag.b(format_datetime(t, '%c'))

Macro with arguments

To test the following code, you should saved it in a helloworld_sample.py file located in the TracEnvironment's plugins/ directory.

from genshi.core import Markup

from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase

class HelloWorldMacro(WikiMacroBase):
    """Simple HelloWorld macro.

    Note that the name of the class is meaningful:
     - it must end with "Macro"
     - what comes before "Macro" ends up being the macro name

    The documentation of the class (i.e. what you're reading)
    will become the documentation of the macro, as shown by
    the !MacroList macro (usually used in the WikiMacros page).
    """

    revision = "$Rev$"
    url = "$URL$"

    def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text, args):
        """Return some output that will be displayed in the Wiki content.

        `name` is the actual name of the macro (no surprise, here it'll be
        `'HelloWorld'`),
        `text` is the text enclosed in parenthesis at the call of the macro.
          Note that if there are ''no'' parenthesis (like in, e.g.
          [[HelloWorld]]), then `text` is `None`.
        `args` are the arguments passed when HelloWorld is called using a
        `#!HelloWorld` code block.
        """
        return 'Hello World, text = %s, args = %s' % \
            (Markup.escape(text), Markup.escape(repr(args)))

Note that expand_macro optionally takes a 4th parameter args. When the macro is called as a WikiProcessor, it's also possible to pass key=value processor parameters. If given, those are stored in a dictionary and passed in this extra args parameter. On the contrary, when called as a macro, args is None. (since 0.12).

For example, when writing:

{{{#!HelloWorld style="polite" -silent verbose
<Hello World!>
}}}

{{{#!HelloWorld
<Hello World!>
}}}

[[HelloWorld(<Hello World!>)]]

One should get:

Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = {'style': u'polite', 'silent': False, 'verbose': True}
Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = {}
Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = None

Note that the return value of expand_macro is not HTML escaped. Depending on the expected result, you should escape it by yourself (using return Markup.escape(result)) or, if this is indeed HTML, wrap it in a Markup object (return Markup(result)) with Markup coming from Genshi, (from genshi.core import Markup).

You can also recursively use a wiki Formatter (from trac.wiki import Formatter) to process the text as wiki markup, for example by doing:

from genshi.core import Markup
from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase
from trac.wiki import Formatter
import StringIO

class HelloWorldMacro(WikiMacroBase):
        def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text, args):
                text = "whatever '''wiki''' markup you want, even containing other macros"
                # Convert Wiki markup to HTML, new style
                out = StringIO.StringIO()
                Formatter(self.env, formatter.context).format(text, out)
                return Markup(out.getvalue())